Water treatment can be described as a set of measures that prevent problems caused by untreated water that is in the HVAC (Heating Ventilation Air Conditioning) installation.
Untreated water in contact with your boilers, heat exchangers, cooling towers and chillers, depending on its quality, can cause deposits and / or corrosion that reduce the operating efficiency significantly in a relatively short time.
Deposits can be of several types: calcium carbonate (CaCO3), magnetite (Fe3O4), calcium sulfate (CaSO4) and silicon dioxide (SiO2) In the presence of oxygen, the corrosion (oxidation) process takes place, which leads to the accumulation of iron oxide in the form of sludge or solid crust, on the lower surfaces of the equipment but also on the pipe path.
These deposits implicitly generate increases in energy consumption which translates into lost money. A major consequence is the shortening of the life of the entire installation and the worst can generate system failures, compromising the equipment (condensing batteries, boilers, heat exchangers, …).
In order to prevent these effects, water must be monitored by chemical analysis and treated periodically with inhibitors by specialized companies.